## Coordinated Initialization of the Load Distribution Equivalent, Load Characteristic, and Load Distributed Generation Models

Generator modeling in transient stability simulation software has been modularized for decades. Generators are modeled using a Machine Model, Exciter, Governor, Stabilizer, etc. Several new modules for generators have been added in the past few years specifically for wind turbine and renewable energy modeling. Load models however had remained stuck with only 2 models: a load […]

Tags: Simulator,Technical Papers,Transient Stability

January 8, 2016

## Derivation of the GENTPJ/GENTPF model from the GENROU/GENSAL

Relationship of GENROU, GENSAL, GENTPF, GENTPJ.pdf A set of presentation slides on this topic is also available at this link: Slides on GENROU-GENSAL-GENTPF-GENTPJ_Slides.pdf A fundamental derivation of a GENROU and GENSAL models can found in Chapter 3 of the book Power System Dynamics and Stability by Peter Sauer and M.A. Pai from 1998. This derivation […]

Tags: Simulator,Technical Papers,Transient Stability

October 22, 2015

## Using Contingency Categories for monitoring of different voltage deviation limits for different contingencies

Previous knowledge base articles have covered both Monitoring voltages for Post Contingency Voltage Drop Criteria Monitoring which covered how to monitor all buses in the system for a particular voltage drop. How to specify different Voltage Deviation Limits for different buses in Contingency Analysis which did a similar thing but allowed the criteria to be […]

Tags: FAQ,How-to,Simulator,Tutorial

September 30, 2015

## GIC and Geographic Data View

Simulator’s Geographic Data View feature is uniquely suited for visualizing geomagnetically induced current (GIC) flows over a wide area. In the graphic below, each substation is depicted by a colored circle. The size of the circle is proportional to the GIC flowing through the neutral, while the color indicated whether GIC is flowing into or […]

August 18, 2015

## WECC RAS and Contingency Workshop Materials

PowerWorld Corporation staff led a RAS Modeling Workshop at WECC offices on May 27 – 29, 2015 in Salt Lake City. This workshop consisted generally of the following material. 3 hours of pure presentations 4 hours of basic software training on PowerWorld Simulator 7 hours of hands-on workshop with engineers from throughout WECC sitting down to model […]

Tags: Presentation,Simulator,Tutorial

June 2, 2015

## Transient stability voltage collapse: See it with large plots and Min/Max result tracking

We had a rather strange support question from a customer running a transient stability run with a three-phase fault that was on for 2 seconds on a 230 kV bus (they were studying delayed clearing of a fault with about a dozen switching actions occurring which eventually cleared the fault after 2 seconds). The network boundary […]

Tags: FAQ,Simulator,Tip,Transient Stability

April 3, 2015

## GIC and Substation Coordinates for Line Taps

To properly perform geomagnetic induced current (GIC) analysis, substation geographic coordinates (longitude, latitude) must be provided for all substations that contain terminals of transmission lines for which a GIC-induced equivalent DC voltage is applied. Generally this includes all lines greater than the minimum length and minimum voltage specified on the GIC Analysis Form. The need for coordinates […]

March 26, 2015

## Assigning Costs to Control Adjustments in OPF

Download the example files. Simulator’s Optimal Power Flow (OPF) has 2 options for objective functions: Minimum Cost or Minimum Control Change. Generally Minimum Cost is used where generator bids or costs and load benefits are known. Minimum Control Change is used where it is desirable to relieve transmission overloads with minimum deviation from the present […]

March 2, 2015

## Transformer GIC Thermal Response

This spreadsheet (revised November 3, 2017) includes sample formulas for calculating transformer winding and metallic parts hot spot temperatures as described in the NERC white papers Transformer Thermal Impact Assessment White Paper and Screening Criterion for Transformer Thermal Impact Assessment. It is provided with the following disclaimers: Input parameters in this spreadsheet are samples provided for illustration […]

February 9, 2015

## Optimal Power Flow with Load Dispatch

Download the example files. These examples show how Simulator’s Optimal Power Flow (OPF) may be used with dispatchable loads to relive transmission overloading. First, the OPF may be used with the minimum control change objective function. Here, the “cost” of changing a control (generator or load output) is the same for each MW of change […]

January 5, 2015